Biotechnology is a new trend of technology. It is also known as bioengineering. Biotechnology is application of technical advances in life science to develop commercial products. Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make useful products, or any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use. Bioengineering is the application of the principles of engineering and natural sciences to tissues, cells and molecules. It is related fields of bioengineering and biomedical engineering. According to American Chemical Society biotechnology is the application of biological organisms, systems, or processes by various industries to learning about the science of life and the improvement of the value of materials and organisms such as pharmaceuticals, crops, and livestock. Conversely, modern biological sciences are intimately entwined and heavily dependent on the methods developed through biotechnology and what is commonly thought of as the life sciences industry. Bioengineering is a combined field that often draws upon and applies biotechnology especially in certain sub-fields of biomedical and/or chemical engineering such as tissue engineering, bio-pharmaceutical engineering, and genetic engineering etc.


  • Sc in Biotechnology
  • Sc in Biotechnology
  • Tech. in Biotechnology
  • Sc. Agriculture
  • V Sc. Animal
  • PhD in Biotechnology


For Bachelor (B.Sc) – This course can be done after passing 10+2 or equivalent examination with Physical, Biological, Agricultural, Veterinary and Fishery Sciences.

 For M.Tech. minimum qualification is graduation degree in Chemical / Bio-chemical engineering, Leather technology, Pharmaceutical technology, Food Technology, B.Pharma and Dairy technology, Post graduates in life sciences, Botany, Zoology, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Genetics, Physiology, Pharmacology and Biophysics.

 For M.Sc. Candidates with bachelor degree in Physical, Biological, Agricultural, Veterinary, Fishery Sciences, Pharmacy, Engineering, Technology or Medicine (MBBS) with at least 55% are eligible.

 For M.Sc. (Agriculture) /M.V Sc. Animal -Candidates with Bachelor degree in Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry, Fisheries, Veterinary Sciences or Agricultural Engineering  are eligible.

Mod of Admission

 An All India Biotechnology entrance examination (Combined Entrance Examination) test conducted, for admission to M.Sc./M.Sc. (Agri.)/M.V.Sc. (Animal) Biotech/M.Tech. Biotechnology is conducted by Jawaharlal Nehru University at various participating Universities as per details given against each programme at the under mentioned Centers :  Ahmadabad, Amritsar, Bangalore, Baroda, Bhubaneswar, Mumbai, Calcutta, Calicut, Chandigarh, Coimbatore, Dehradun, Delhi, Dharwar, Guwahati, Goa, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Jammu, Lucknow, Chennai, Madurai, Pant Nagar, Pondicherry, Danapur Cantt (Bihar), Pune, Ranchi, Shillong, Shimla, Thiruvananthapuram, Varanasi and Vijayawada.

Career Options

Most biotechnologists are employed in research and development, departments of institutions and industries involved in biotechnological work. Biotechnologists can work in industries producing food, chemicals, bio-processed products etc. Biotechnologists can work with Laboratories and Institutes like as   Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, National Botanical Institute, National chemical laboratory, Tata Energy Research Institute, Central Aromatic, Plants Institute, Indian Institute of Science, Agricultural Research Institute, CSIR, National Environment Research Institute-Nagpur, National Institute of Immunology-New Delhi, CDRI- Lucknow, IIT-Mumbai, IIT Delhi, Hindustan Lever, Thapar group, Indo American Hybrid Seeds, Bincon India Limited, Bivcol, IDPL, Indian Vaccines Corporation, Hindustan Antibiotics, Sun Pharma, Cadila etc.

Pay/ Earnings

Earning has no matter in Biotechnology sector. A fresher can start earning from about Rs 25,000 per month. It increases with experience and qualification. An experienced Biotechnologist can earn about to Rs 1, 00, 000 or more per month.


  • Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee
  • Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology
  • National Institute of Technology, Calicut
  • National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
  • National Institute of Technology, Raipur
  • B R Ambedkar National Institute of Technology Jalandhar
  • Indian Institute of Technology Hyderabad
  • Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology Bhopal
  • National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
  • National Institute of Technology, Rourkela