Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering is the art and science of designing the infrastructure of a modern civilized society. Civil engineering is the oldest engineering. Civil engineers work as planning designing, construction, supervisor etc of any constructions of any structure. These engineers are work with the construction of roads, dams, bridges, power plants, irrigation projects, transport system, sewage disposal plants etc. It is further broken into several sub-branches like environmental engineering, geotechnical engineering, geophysics, geodesy, control engineering, structural engineering, transportation engineering, earth science, atmospheric sciences, forensic engineering, municipal or urban engineering, water resources engineering, materials engineering, coastal engineering, surveying, and construction engineering.


  • Diploma Course –3-year diploma course in Civil engineering.
  • BE / B.Tech – 4-year graduate degree in Civil
  • B. Tech –2-year master degree Civil engineering.
  • Ph. D. – Doctoral degrees in Civil engineering.


For diploma in engineering, minimum qualification is 10th class examination with at least 50% marks. Various polytechnics offer diploma in various branches of engineering.

Minimum qualification for bachelor degree course (B.E. or B.Tech) is to pass 12 class board examinations with at least 50% marks (60% for IITs) in the science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as compulsory subjects. Diploma holders in Civil engineering can also get direct admission into second year of Civil engineering.

Minimum qualification for master degree course (M.E. or M.Tech) is the bachelor degree program in Civil engineering is required. For Ph.D. minimum qualification is M.E./M.Tech in Civil engineering.

There is also the Associate Membership Examination of the Institute of Engineers (AMIE), which enables working people in the private and public sector, or diploma holders to acquire a Bachelor’s engineering degree through distance education.

Mode of Admission                                         

 An entrance examination JEEMAIN is conducted by CBSE every year for admission in B. E. / B. Tech and B.Arch in all IITs and NIITs located all over the country. For more see or . States are conducted separate entrance examinations for admission to the colleges situated in that state.

Career Prospects

Civil engineers are work in all the major construction projects of the government like as Public Works Departments (CPWD/PWD), airports, harbors, ports, water and sewage boards, the railways, private construction companies, military, engineering services (MES), consultancy services etc. Civil engineers can get job in high profile national and international engineering projects. They can also work with companies undertaking construction projects, such as Larsen and Toubro, BHEL, Delhi Metro Rail Corporation and other Rail Metro Corporations. For holding of a gazetted post in government one needs to clear the Engineering Service Examinations, (IES) which are held annually by the U.P.S.C ( or S.P.S.Cs. 


Fresher’s can get a starting salary of Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 40,000 per month excluding other allowances. In the government sector, the salary range of diploma holders is Rs. 25,000 to Rs. 35,000 per month. Lecturers in colleges get a starting salary of Rs 30,000-Rs 50,000 a month. With more experience or as an established independent consultant one could earn more. Senior engineers can earn anywhere in between Rs 30,000 and Rs 50,000 a month. Those at management levels can earn up to Rs80, 000 or even more.