The study of microscopic organisms is called microbiology. Micro-organisms are very small organisms which are not visible through naked eye. These organisms include algae, bacteria, moulds, protozoa, yeasts and viruses. Sometimes they are even referred to as microbes and are studied under microscope, being very small in appearance.

      Micro-organisms are almost found everywhere and they constitute by far the largest group of living things existing on earth. Micro-organisms are both of useful as well as harmful. Our existence, health, food, agriculture and even industrial development are very much dependent on them. Man has made use of micro-organism since prehistoric times unknowingly, mostly in the production of food and drinks, such as leavening of bread, souring of milk and making of wine and beer etc. The microbial world was discovered in the seventeenth century. After then study about to micro-organism was started. Now days this is stalest as a branch of science, mostly of life science.


  • Certificate courses in Microbiology
  • Diploma in Microbiology
  • PG Diploma in Microbiology
  • Sc. in Microbiology
  • Sc. in Microbiology
  • Phil in Microbiology
  • D. in Microbiology.


Minimum qualification for B.Sc. in Microbiology is 10+2 in science stream and B.Sc. (microbiology) is minimum qualification for M.Sc. (microbiology) and for M.Phil/ Ph.D., M.Sc. (microbiology) is minimum qualification.

Career Objects

Microbiologists study and investigate micro-organisms and their relationships with man, animals and plants. Microbiologists work in hospitals in pathology or cytology laboratories. In the pharmaceutical industries jobs exist in the R&D division. In Agricultural research microbiologists are include for conducting research. Microbiologists find jobs in many places like research and development laboratories of government and private hospitals, research organizations, pharmaceutical, food, beverage and chemical industries. It is closely related to biotechnology and there are many similarities between them therefore microbiology also making a very promising career option. A steep rise in employment field for microbiologists is envisaged as a result of growing numbers of many organizations.


            Due to demand of professionals of this field, earning has no matter in this field. Starting     salary of this field is about to between Rs 30,000 to 50,000 per month. It is increased with experience and degree up to Rs 1, 00, 000 per month and more.



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